- 1 Is a lump behind the ear serious?
- 2 How do I get rid of a bump behind my ear?
- 3 Should I worry about a hard lump behind my ear?
- 4 Can stress cause swollen lymph nodes?
- 5 Do lymph nodes hurt?
- 6 What does an ear tumor feel like?
- 7 Do tumors hurt?
- 8 Can lymphoma be cured?
- 9 What does a swollen lymph node behind the ear feel like?
What would a lump behind the ear mean?
Common Infections Can Cause Lumps Behind Your Ear – Lumps behind the ear can often be caused by colds, the flu, strep throat or respiratory infections. That’s because an infection can cause the lymph nodes behind your ears to become swollen and inflamed. Most of the time, swollen glands are not a cause for concern.
- They will likely go away on their own or if caused by a bacterial infection, be treated easily with antibiotics.
- Your doctor may also recommend over-the-counter pain medication for any discomfort.
- You can find these easily at Smith’s Drug Store or another local pharmacy.
- If the infection is more serious it may cause the lymph nodes to become really enlarged, swollen, red and tender.
One serious infection that can cause a lump behind the ear is mastoiditis, Mastoiditis is a bacterial infection that affects the mastoid bone behind the ear. It often occurs when an i nfection in the middle ear is left untreated and spreads. While it’s most often seen in young children, mastoiditis can occur at any age.
Severe pain behind the earEar drainageFeverHeadache
If left untreated, mastoiditis can lead to hearing loss, meningitis, blood clots and facial nerve paralysis. If you have any symptoms of mastoiditis, it’s important to seek medical attention right away.
Is a lump behind the ear serious?
When to see a doctor – If the lump is problematic, causing you pain or discomfort, or associated with other symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor. You can connect to a physician in your area using the Healthline FindCare tool, A quick physical inspection of the area and a general checkup can usually help your doctor figure out exactly what is happening behind your ear.
How do I get rid of a bump behind my ear?
What Are My Treatment Options? – Your treatment options will depend on the cause of the lump behind your ear. After you’ve consulted your doctor, they will get you on a treatment plan, which may include one or more of the following:
Antibiotic treatment: This will be prescribed for bacterial infections. Over-the-counter medication: Such as pain relievers, like acetaminophen, aspirin, and ibuprofen. Drainage: If you have an ear infection or a sebaceous cyst, drainage may be the best course of action. Surgery: Lipomas (harmless, fatty lumps), cysts, and tumors may require surgical removal. Prescription medication: Your doctor may prescribe other treatments you require, such as antiviral medication or painkillers.
Can a lump behind the ear be a brain tumor?
What is the treatment for an ear lump? – Your physician will recommend treatments based on the cause of your lump. Many infections that could cause a lump behind the ear will resolve without treatment. Some bacterial infections require antibiotic treatment.
- To manage any pain associated with an infection, a doctor may recommend you take over-the-counter pain medication.
- If the lump is identified as a lipoma or cyst, your physician may recommend removal based on your symptoms.
- Tumors, whether benign or malignant, should be evaluated by an ear, nose, and throat doctor.
If a lump is malignant, you may need to see an oncologist. Dana-Farber’s physicians in the Head and Neck Cancer Treatment Center work with patients to create treatment plans tailored to their type of cancer to achieve the best possible outcome.
Do I have a tumor behind my ear?
Lumps in the skin – The three main noncancerous causes of lumps behind the ear are:
acne skin cysts lipomas
Acne lumps behind the ear Acne is a common skin condition that might cause a lump behind the ear. In acne, pores in the skin become blocked with sebum. Sebum is an oily substance secreted by units at the base of hair follicles. The sebum mixes with dead skin cells and can form a layer called a comedone.
A pimple might then become infected and inflamed if certain bacteria enter the comedone. Inflamed pimples can grow and, in their most severe form, form lumps called acne cysts. If acne is causing the lump, it may cause pain when pressed. Other cysts and pimples on the head are likely to accompany pimples or cysts behind the ear, especially on the face.
Cystic acne is an unpleasant condition that can lead to scarring. Doctors can help manage cystic acne with effective treatments, however. Cysts behind the ear A cyst can occur anywhere in the skin, including behind the ear. Skin cysts are fluid-filled sacs.
They form a raised, dome-shaped area on the skin. Sometimes, they have a black spot called a punctum at the top. They can move around freely and are not fixed in place. A doctor should examine any skin lump that cannot be moved from side to side. Cysts in the scalp tend to be pilar skin cysts. In this type, the lining of the sac is made of hair root cells.
Sebaceous cysts can also occur. These form on the glands responsible for the oily substance that moisturizes the skin and hair. Other cysts are made of cells from the surface of the skin, known as epidermoid cysts. Finally, there are also sebaceous cysts, which are less common and contain an oily substance.
- Lipoma Lipoma is another possible cause of lumps behind the ear.
- Lipomas are harmless, fatty lumps.
- They are not cancerous, grow very slowly, and do not spread.
- They are more common on other parts of the body but can occur anywhere under the skin, including behind the ear.
- A lipoma feels soft to the touch.
They are not usually tender or painful unless they press on nearby nerves. They will usually occur in a limited number of places. In rare cases, some people have many lipomas at once. These lumps are often small and range from the size of a pea to inches across.
How do you know if a lump is cancerous?
When to see a doctor – In rare cases, an unexplained lump, bump or swelling can be a sign of a more serious issue beneath the skin. Bumps that are cancerous are typically large, hard, painless to the touch and appear spontaneously. The mass will grow in size steadily over the weeks and months.
Should I worry about a hard lump behind my ear?
Summary – A lump behind the ear can have several possible causes. Most of the time, the cause is something that is not serious and that will get better on its own or with minimal treatment. However, if the lump hurts, gets bigger, or is accompanied by other symptoms, it should be checked out by a medical professional.
- In rare cases, tumors can form behind the ear and require complex treatment.
- If you have a lump behind your ear and other symptoms, particularly if they show up suddenly, it’s important to tell your healthcare provider.
- They can diagnose the cause and decide on the best course of treatment.
- Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles.
Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
- Singh RK, Goyal A, Kumar A, Kataria G, Kesarwani A. Mastoid osteoma of temporal bone – A rare case report, J Clin Diagn Res,2017 Jun;11(6):MD01-MD02. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2017/24897.9966.
- Rani P, Singh M, Mehrol C, Gupta AJ, Khurana N, Meher R. Dedifferentiation of oncocytic epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma to mucoepidermoid carcinoma in parotid gland: A rare case report, Indian J Pathol Microbiol,2018 Oct-Dec;61(4):564-566. doi:10.4103/IJPM.IJPM_64_17.
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- Ide S, Ishikane M, Ohmagari N. Posterior auricular lymphadenopathy in adult rubella, IDCases,2021;24:e01093. doi:10.1016%2Fj.idcr.2021.e01093
- Michigan Medicine. Swollen glands, hernias, and lumps under the skin,
- MedlinePlus. Mastoiditis,
- MedlinePlus. Acne,
- MedlinePlus. Benign ear cyst or tumor,
- Ramroop S. Successful treatment of acanthoma fissuratum with intralesional triamcinolone acetonide, Clin Case Rep,2020 Feb 5;8(4):702-703. doi:10.1002/ccr3.2708.
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- Cedars Sinai. Ear and temporal bone cancer,
By Steph Coelho Steph Coelho is a freelance health and wellness writer and editor with nearly a decade of experience working on content related to health, wellness, mental health, chronic illness, fitness, sexual wellness, and health-related tech.She’s written extensively about chronic conditions, telehealth, aging, CBD, and mental health.
Can stress cause swollen lymph nodes?
Summary – It’s unlikely psychological stress or anxiety leads to swollen lymph nodes. However, swollen lymph nodes can be a sign that your body is fighting an infection or illness. Swelling that is not going away or lymph nodes that feel or look different than usual should be examined.
Do ear lumps go away?
When is the best time to seek medical attention for an earlobe cyst or lump in the earlobe? – Most cases of lumps in the earlobe are due to the development of an epidermoid cyst and will often go away on their own without any active treatment. Any earlobe cysts which are persistent or suddenly change in size should prompt you to seek a medical assessment to rule out more serious underlying causes.
Are tumors hard?
Cancer Tumors Aren’t Always as ‘Tough’ as They Seem – Northeastern University College of Science When working with patients concerned about their cancer risk, doctors will often recommend a manual exam that involves checking the skin for rigid lumps.
This common technique is a widespread and effective procedure, but that guidance on what to look for — a mass that is tough or hard to the touch — actually exposes an important contradiction in the medical field about how tumors work. In fact, tumors may feel hard from the outside, but research has shown that individual cells within the tissue aren’t uniformly rigid, and can even vary in softness across the tumor.
However, cancer researchers didn’t understand how a tumor could be both rigid and soft at the same time, until now. Northeastern physics researchers this August answering that question. The idea that different cells within a tumor can have different softness is called mechanical heterogeneity, and Xinzhi Li, a fifth-year physics Ph.D.
Student at Northeastern, applied a well-established model to study its effects. “Our idea is, how to use some models to simulate this heterogeneity and study the effects of heterogeneity on the mechanics,” Li said. “How does this variability affect the collective behavior of the system?” He found that when cells with varying softness were spread evenly throughout the tumor, it did not create the rigid mass that doctors have observed in real tumors.
But when the softer cells were organized very specifically in a chain-like structure, the overall mass would remain rigid, despite the extremely soft individual cells. Li did this work in the lab of, an assistant professor of physics at Northeastern, where they focus on a relatively new scientific area called biophysics, or soft-matter physics.
- Instead of working on traditional physics topics, such as quantum mechanics or nanomaterials, a lot of the projects center on biomedical applications.
- Bi said the cells seem to be communicating somehow and intentionally organizing themselves in these chains to create the overall rigid mass.
- It’s like somehow they’re talking, except the talking is not through chemical means, they’re not secreting chemicals,” Bi said.
“It’s more mechanical, it’s transmission of forces. They’re talking via pulling and pushing each other.” Li’s 2-D model views a cell as a polygon, where each cell presses up against the other cells to form tight junctions between them. Because the cells are touching, they exert mechanical force on each other based on their differing softness.
The way each particular tumor behaves in the body has a lot to do with its proportion of rigid and soft cells. Bi said another important finding centers on the tendency of malignant, cancerous tumors spread throughout the body. “One thing that is really important and that’s often missed by a lot of cancer researchers is how easy it is to mechanically invade,” Bi said.
“What is the fraction of rigid cells needed in order for cells to invade, and when they begin to invade, how do they do it?” When Bi talks about the fraction of rigid cells, he refers to, a simulation using Li’s model that looks at the percentage of rigid cells in a tumor and how that affects how the cancer spreads.
There, the number at the top of each box relates to the percentage of rigid cells in that example, and the moving green cell represents how easily a tumor can invade into normal tissue. Although Bi stressed that the paper’s results are purely theoretical, he hopes to test the findings in partnership with cancer researchers.
He said if scientists could increase the rigidity of individual cells within the tumor, it could prevent the tumor from spreading elsewhere in the body. One possible way of studying that involves culturing healthy and cancerous cells together, called a co-culture, and developing a way to control them.
A possible way to prevent them from invading is if you can somehow increase the percentage of rigid cells, and that would physically stop them from invading,” Bi said. “If we’re able to get this study about cell mixtures and co-cultures going, we can test that directly.” Until then, Bi said Li’s model is applicable for many topics within this area of research — clearly, bringing physics to biology can teach scientists a lot.
: Cancer Tumors Aren’t Always as ‘Tough’ as They Seem – Northeastern University College of Science
What does a cyst look like?
Skin cysts are round lumps, often filled with fluid or pus. They’re usually harmless and often do not need treatment. But see a GP if you have an unexplained lump.
What does a cancerous lump behind ear look like?
More serious causes – Lumps behind the ear can also have more serious or uncommon causes, including the following:
Basal cell carcinoma : This slow-growing skin cancer can look and feel like a small, pearly bump that sometimes resembles a mole or a pimple.
Squamous cell carcinoma : This sometimes looks like an open sore with a raised border; other times, it looks like a wart.
Temporal bone tumors : In some rare cases, basal or squamous cell skin cancer can spread to the part of the skull bone that’s behind the ears and cause these bumps.
Gorlin syndrome : People with this rare genetic disorder develop tumors, cysts, and skin pits all over their bodies, sometimes including behind the ears.
Gardner syndrome : This is another rare genetic disorder that can lead to thousands of polyps and cysts throughout the body. While most form in the colon, cysts can form in other locations, including behind the ear.
Infections : Viral, fungal, and bacterial infections may cause unusual swollen patches behind the ear.
Do lymph nodes hurt?
Swollen lymph nodes – One of the most common places to find swollen lymph nodes is in the neck. The inset shows three swollen lymph nodes below the lower jaw. In some cases, the passage of time and warm compresses may be all you need to treat swollen lymph nodes.
If an infection causes swollen lymph nodes, treatment depends on the cause. Your lymphatic system is a network of organs, vessels and lymph nodes situated throughout your body. Many lymph nodes are located in your head and neck region. Lymph nodes that frequently swell are in this area, as well as in your armpits and groin area.
Swollen lymph nodes are a sign that something is wrong somewhere in your body. When your lymph nodes first swell, you might notice:
Tenderness and pain in the lymph nodes Swelling that may be the size of a pea or kidney bean, or even larger in the lymph nodes
Depending on the cause of your swollen lymph nodes, other signs and symptoms you might have include:
Runny nose, sore throat, fever and other indications of an upper respiratory infection General swelling of lymph nodes throughout your body. When this occurs, it may indicate an infection, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or mononucleosis, or an immune system disorder, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis Hard, fixed, rapidly growing nodes, indicating a possible cancer or lymphoma Fever Night sweats
Some swollen lymph nodes return to normal when the underlying condition, such as a minor infection, gets better. See your doctor if you’re concerned or if your swollen lymph nodes:
Have appeared for no apparent reason Continue to enlarge or have been present for two to four weeks Feel hard or rubbery, or don’t move when you push on them Are accompanied by persistent fever, night sweats or unexplained weight loss
Seek immediate medical care if you’re having difficulty swallowing or breathing.
How long do lymph nodes stay swollen?
Main navigation – Swollen glands are usually a sign the body is fighting an infection. They usually get better by themselves in two to three weeks. Occasionally they can be a sign of more serious illness. See the advice below to find out if you need to see your GP.
What does an ear tumor look like?
Symptoms – Tumors often start as scaly areas or white bumps on the outside of the ear. The area might ooze or drain. A tumor also might start inside the ear canal. The patient might notice drainage from the canal or pain inside the ear. An ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist must examine any ear infection that does not go away.
- Basal skin carcinoma is the most common type of ear and temporal bone cancer.
- A scaly area of skin on the ear, which does not improve with the application of moisturizer, is usually the first sign.
- Then, a pearly white bump appears which grows slowly.
- The lump can be painless or an ulcer might develop in the center of the lump.
The ulcer later bleeds and becomes painful. These tumors can spread to the inside of the ear but rarely other parts of the body. Squamous cell cancer grows deeper into the body and is more likely to spread. If the tumor grows into the temporal bone it can cause hearing loss, dizziness, and facial paralysis.
- Causes and Risk Factors for Ear Cancer The skin on the ear (pinna) is exposed to the sun.
- After years of exposure, basal cell skin cancer or squamous cell cancer can develop.
- Temporal bone tumors are usually caused by a tumor that begins on the skin near the ear and later spreads to the bone.
- Fair skinned people are more susceptible to skin cancer and, therefore, have a greater risk of developing temporal bone cancer.
These tumors can also be caused when cancer spreads from another part of the body to the temporal bone (metastasis). Chronic skin infections of the ear canal increase the risk.
What does an ear tumor feel like?
The symptoms of benign tumors include: Ear discomfort. Gradual hearing loss in one ear. Repeated outer ear infections.
Do cancerous brain tumors hurt?
Symptoms of a brain tumor headache – When brain tumors cause pain, the discomfort is usually a result of a tumor pressing on a nearby nerve or nerve roots. While the brain itself cannot feel pain, inflammation and nerve root compression can lead to a number of uncomfortable symptoms. Brain tumor-related headaches are typically accompanied by one or more neurological complications, including:
Nausea or vomiting Blurred vision Seizures Weakness or paralysis Speech impairment Memory loss Confusion, disorientation or sudden personality changes
Do tumors hurt?
Not all cancers cause pain – Many people with cancer do not have pain. This is because cancers don’t have any nerves of their own. The pain comes from a tumour pressing on nerves nearby. Researchers estimate that 38 and of 100 people with cancer (38%) have moderate to severe pain.
Pain is more likely with advanced cancer. Advanced cancer means the cancer has spread or come back since it was first treated. Around 65 out of 100 people with advanced cancer (around 65%) have pain. It is possible to relieve all pain to some extent with the right treatment. With good pain control, most people should be able to be free of pain when they are lying down or sitting.
The best way of controlling pain depends on what’s causing it. The first step is to tell your doctor or specialist nurse that you have pain.
Can lymphoma be cured?
Treatment Planning – The goal of Hodgkin lymphoma treatment is to cure the disease. More than 80 percent of all patients diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma can be cured by current treatment approaches. The cure rate is higher, approaching 90 percent, in younger patients and those with early-stage favorable disease.
Cure at all stages Minimize both short-term and long-term side effects and complications Weigh the risks of toxicity against treatment benefits
The treatment your doctor recommends is based on several factors, including:
Your disease subtype Your disease stage and category Whether your disease is either refractory (the disease does not respond to treatment) or relapsed (the disease has recurred after treatment) Your age Whether you have coexisting diseases or conditions (for example, heart disease, kidney disease, diabetes)
If your child is being treated for Hodgkin lymphoma, therapy may differ slightly from that of the average adult. See Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma, As you develop a treatment plan with your doctor, be sure to discuss:
The results you can expect from treatment The potential side effects, including long-term effects and late-term effects The possibility of participating in a clinical trial, where you may have access to advanced medical treatment that may be more beneficial to you than standard treatment
You may find it helpful to bring a loved one with you to your doctor’s visits for support, to take notes and to ask follow-up questions. It’s a good idea to prepare questions in advance that you would like to ask when you visit your doctor. You can also record your conversations with your doctor and listen more closely when you get home.
Can anxiety cause lump behind ear?
Summary – It’s unlikely psychological stress or anxiety leads to swollen lymph nodes. However, swollen lymph nodes can be a sign that your body is fighting an infection or illness. Swelling that is not going away or lymph nodes that feel or look different than usual should be examined.
What does a swollen lymph node behind the ear feel like?
Swollen lymph nodes behind ear: causes & treatment Last update on Apr, 12, 2023 Lymph nodes are small bean-shaped organs, about 1 cm in size, located throughout the body. They are part of the lymphatic system and work in conjunction with the immune system to fight off pathogens.
- The functions of the lymph nodes include filtering the lymph and are characterized by the presence of white blood cells, which are useful in fighting diseases.
- The lymph nodes behind the ear are located on the temporal bone and under the posterior auricular muscle,
- If they are swollen, you can feel them behind the ear with your fingers.
Usually, a healthy person’s lymph nodes are not detectable. Swollen lymph nodes are perceptible to the touch and might cause a slight pain. When you touch them you can feel a bump under the skin. If you feel this bump, this may be a sign that there is an infection of some kind in the affected area,
In fact, the lymph nodes often fight against infectious agents. If this is the case, the area may also be red and warm to the touch. The lymph nodes behind the ear should cause concern when the size of their diameter increases above 2 centimeters, reaching up to 3 centimeters (above 1 centimeter we speak simply of reactive lymph nodes).
If the swelling, regardless of size, does not subside over three weeks and there is no indication of infection, you should visit a doctor. Take care for your ears and prevent hearing loss and get them properly examined by a hearing professional. Find your nearest Miracle-Ear store to get started on your journey to better hearing. A swollen lymph node behind the ear may be a sign that there is an infection in the affected area.
Bacterial infection of the pharynx, tonsils or larynx Gum inflammation, tooth abscess Infection in the ear, i.e. otitis media Fungal infections in or around the head that cause itching of the scalp or hair loss AIDS and HIV Mononucleosis Rheumatoid arthritis
Swollen lymph nodes behind the ear can be temporary or chronic. Symptoms can be different and vary in severity depending on the cause, the most common symptoms of swollen lymph nodes are:
Swelling Possible pain on palpation and pain behind the ear Reddened and overheated skin
Other symptoms associated with swollen lymph nodes behind the ear may occur in the mouth or throat, like cough, sore throat, jaw pain, toothache, In addition, fever, fatigue, and ear pain may occur. Lymph node swelling may occur only on one side of the body.
- This is referred to as localized swelling and may indicate an infection or allergic reaction occurring on that same side of the body.
- Swollen lymph nodes are more likely to be benign than malignant,
- A lymph node can only be determined to be malignant with a biopsy and pathology exame performed by a physician.
Benign lymph nodes don’t contain cancer cells, while malignant ones do. For swollen lymph nodes, some potential signs they can be malignant are:
The lymph nodes are larger than one centimeter The lymph nodes have been swollen for more than three weeks The swelling has appeared suddenly and the gland feels hard to the touch, with or without pain The skin in the affected area is red, itchy, or overheated Unexplained weight loss Fever, night sweats and persistent fatigue Shortness of breath
If you note any of these symptoms, please see your doctor immediately. One of the best ways to care for your ears and prevent hearing loss is to get them properly examined by a hearing professional. Find your nearest Miracle-Ear store to get started on your journey to better hearing. In most cases, swollen lymph nodes resolve on their own within a few days/weeks without complications.
- If treatment is required, a physician must first determine the cause of the swollen lymph node.
- For an acute infection, anti-inflammatory drugs (such as NSAIDs), warm compresses and rest accompanied by antibiotics, when necessary, are often sufficient.
- Lymph node abscesses may require surgical drainage,
Swollen lymph nodes caused by inflammation or autoimmune disorders are treated with anti-inflammatory drugs such as NSAIDs, cortisone or other types of immunomodulators can be used. Lymph nodes should usually reduce in size within two-three weeks, For this reason, if the swelling of the nodes persists for more than two to three weeks, the affected person should book an appointment with the doctor, even if the nodes are not sensitive to pressure or pain.
Swollen lymph nodes can also occur in babies, but this is usually harmless, in most cases they have an infectious origin and resolve in a few weeks. They can be caused by bacteria (staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus pyogenes or cat or dog scratch disease) or viruses (cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, hepatitis B).
An appointment with the pediatrician is necessary if lymph nodes are larger than two centimeters, increase in size for more than two weeks, do not to resolve completely after 2-3 months and if the child suffers from fever, weight loss or night sweats.
- Swollen lymph nodes behind ear or in your neck can be a symptom of Covid-19, as when the virus creates upper respiratory tract infections, the lymph nodes in the neck and in front of the ear are the first to respond to the virus.
- This type of lymph node swelling is usually not dangerous and will go away on its own.
Rarely will they lead to infections or other complications. Try out Miracle-Ear online hearing test, your first step to better hearing is only a click away! In less than five minutes you’ll have a better understanding of your hearing health. Discover a world of sounds. Meet the Miracle-Ear ENERGY™ GO What we know about COVID-19 and tinnitus Help a loved one with hearing loss : Swollen lymph nodes behind ear: causes & treatment
Is mastoiditis serious?
How mastoiditis is treated – Mastoiditis is a serious infection and should be treated quickly. It’s treated with antibiotics. Depending on how severe the infection, you may need to go to hospital so that you can be given antibiotics directly into a vein through a drip.
What does a swollen lymph node look like?
Swollen lymph nodes usually indicate a common infection, but they can also signal a medical condition, such as an immune disorder or, rarely, a type of cancer. Lymph nodes are small, round structures that play a vital role in the body’s immune system.
under the jawon each side of the neckunder the armpitson either side of the groin
Lymph fluid flows in and out of the lymph nodes throughout the body before finally making its way back to the chest. While doing so, it collects and traps harmful matter, such as bacteria, viruses, and bodily waste products. The lymph nodes filter the fluid and release it back into the bloodstream together with salts and proteins.
- Lymph nodes also contain immune cells that help fight infection by attacking the germs that the body’s lymph fluid has collected.
- The lymph nodes may swell when a person has a temporary infection.
- The swelling occurs as a result of immune cell activity in the lymph nodes.
- The location of the swelling often relates to the affected area.
For example, an ear infection may cause swollen lymph nodes near the ear, while someone with an upper respiratory tract infection may notice swollen lymph nodes in their neck. People can check whether their lymph nodes are swollen by gently pressing around the area, such as the side of the neck.
Swollen lymph nodes will feel like soft, round bumps, and they may be the size of a pea or a grape. They might be tender to the touch, which indicates inflammation, In some cases, the lymph nodes will also look larger than usual. Lymph nodes appear in parallel on both sides of the body. People can check the nodes on each side and compare them to see if one is larger than the other, which is likely to indicate swelling.
Many people with swollen glands also experience pain while making sudden or strained movements. Such movements include sharply turning the neck, bobbing the head, or eating foods that are difficult to chew. Swollen lymph nodes often occur alongside other symptoms.
- These vary depending on the underlying problem but may include a sore throat, cough, or flu-like symptoms.
- Many different conditions cause the lymph nodes to swell, particularly the nodes in the head and neck.
- These conditions include autoimmune disorders, specific types of cancer, and common infections, such as the flu,
Certain medications, such as antimalarials and antiseizure drugs, can also cause swelling. Most people have localized lymphadenopathy, in which only the lymph nodes in one particular area of the body swell up. When more than one region swells, this is called generalized lymphadenopathy, and it usually signifies a systemic, or body-wide, disease that may require medical attention.